Nodejs and Go have always been the topic of discussion for a long time now. In this blog, we have compared both technologies based on their performance, tools, machine learning, etc.
In this article, instead of arguing about which technology is better, Node.js or Go, we will give an overview of the qualities of both languages.
Read further to know the best choice for your project.
Both Golang and Node.js are very popular among the developers’ communities. Both languages have made a significant contribution to the field of web development.
Go is an open-source, compiled, and server-side programming language introduced by Google. Its core structure is built on the principles of Python and C.
The development team at Google wanted to develop a language that has the benefits of another language, so they created Golang. No doubt Golang has won hearts.
Go is mistakenly referred to as “Golang” because of its domain name golang.org.
Node js run on different platforms, including Windows, iOS, and Linux, and provide many libraries for web app development.
NodeJs vs Golang comparison
Now that we have mentioned the basic information about both languages, let’s compare them based on various factors.
Concurrency is a robust view of Go as it is fully accommodated for big software projects which need thousands of requests to be controlled simultaneously. Go uses routines known as Goroutines and a lightweight thread connection mechanism that allows developers to run their functions concurrently. While users can manage their tasks together using Go, this is unhappily not the case with Node JS.
Node JS is single-threaded and makes use of the event-callback tool. Hence, everything must be done in direct order, and concurrency cannot be obtained.
So, in this case of Go vs. NodeJS, Go is the champion!
Performance plays an important role in judging which programming language is better. It majorly affects the app’s load and response time directly affects the customer satisfaction with your app.
When it comes to performance, Go is a little better than Node.js. Golang can be directly assembled into machine code, it does not require any interpreter, so it executes fast without warm-up time, the same as the low-level programming language like C and C++.
Go has tools like garbage collector and native goroutines, so it programs on a powerful yet minimalist structure.
In the end, Golang has better raw performance and stability, but in a workplace application, they both offer strong benefits.
As a matter of fact, Go developers earn more money than Node.js developers. Because many Go developers are less in the market and learning it requires fluency in a whole language. It is a great option for developers to switch their language to Go.
According to Stack Overflow, the average salary of a Go developer is $75599 per year, and for Node.js, it is $55000 per year.
These are, of course, very general figures, and the salary of developers may vary according to the years of experience and expertise in the respective field, skills, etc.
In conclusion, Go developers are difficult to find and expensive to recruit as compared to Node.js developers. Due to high demand and less supply of Go developers, they earn more than Node.js developers.
As you know, ready-made solutions are preferred for web development because it is affordable.
Node.js has a large variety of ready-made tools and app development frameworks, which is why developers choose Node.js. Node.js is based on a framework with a microservices architecture, which means one application is divided into smaller modules with well-defined operational interfaces. With the help of microservice architecture, you can easily add new features to your app.
Node.js has Node.js Package Manager (NPM), which consists of approx 800000 ready-made tools for the particular case that can be installed easily. But NPM has one problem: it lacks a well-structured list of blocks, and sometimes, it is difficult to find the right block.
In comparison, Golang has fewer tools than Node.js. Go has a limited number of libraries that don’t need any intermediate. But Golang doesn’t have a GUI library.
Even though Node.js has more tools than Go, Go does have some powerful tools such as Godoc, Go run, and Gofmit.
Both the languages are open source, so the whole community is engaged in improving these languages, fixing errors, and creating new ideas.
Node.js Foundation has a large and vibrant community that works towards the widespread adoption of Node.js.
The active members of the Node.js Foundation are IBM, Microsoft, PayPal, and Intel. Every year this foundation organizes Node+JS interactive events in which developers suggest new ideas and improvements to Node.js.
You won’t believe it, but Node.js has reached one billion downloads and 56000 stars on GitHub.
On the other hand, the Go community is small compared to Node.js. Since it is a product of Google, people are migrating towards Go. The GoperCon event is held every year all over the world to bring new ideas and changes to the language.
You must be thinking that Nodejs vs Golang may be a strange choice for machine learning, but they have extraordinary capability.
Node js has various libraries that offer machine learning; with the help of these libraries, you can incorporate AI properties into your Java projects.
There are libraries like TorchJS, ONNX.js, and TensorFlow.js. Let me take an example of TensorFlow.js; it has the best support for client and server-side, which is one of the big draws of Node.js.
On the other hand, Golang is much clearer. It can handle large data, so you don’t need other languages for support. It also has a lot of machine learning tools already built into its library, helping programmers develop models faster and easier.
2. Is Node.js easier to learn?
And the winner is…..
As you can see, it isn’t easy to decide which language is better. Both Go and Node.js are good at different things. The winner depends upon which type of application you want to create. In our Go vs Node js blog, we have mentioned all the insights into which technology would be best for your project.
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